Born in 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, William Burghardt DuBois was the country’s leading Black intellectual for nearly a century. He studied at Fisk, Harvard and then the University of Berlin and Germany. On his return to the US he undertook the research for The Philadelphia Negro which led to his being known as the father of Social Science. He challenged Booker T. Washington’s belief that Black people should focus on vocational education and instead, promoted the notion of a “Talented Tenth” who would lead “the race” into full equality. In 1903 he published Souls of Black Folk, and in 1906, was an organizer of the Niagara Movement which gave birth to the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). He became editor of the NAACP’s magazine, Crisis, and a proponent of Pan Africanism. After being “red-baited” during the post World War II Red Scare, he moved to Ghana, where he died on the eve of the March on Washington in 1963.
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