Scopes "monkey trial"
The issues involved in the Scopes case have not gone away. In 1987, the US Supreme Court declared in the case Edwards v. Aguillard that teaching "creationism" in public schools was unconstitutional since creationism was in fact religion which violated the separation of Church and State. A school board in
later required high school biology teachers to read a four-paragraph statement questioning
's theory of evolution and suggesting that the complexity of life could not have arisen without "intelligent design." At the end of 2005, US District Court Judge John E. Jones ruled in Kitzmiller v. Dover that "intelligent design" is a religious view, and not a scientific theory which can be tested by a scientific method. So it too has been ruled unconstitutional.